Alexander Mielke: On Non-Equilibrium Steady States for gradient systems with ports

Seminars - Analysis and Applied Mathematics Seminar
12:30 - 13:45
room 3-E4-SR03 (Rontgen)
Professors Miller and Hershkoff

Abstract: In gradient flows, the steady states are given by the critical points of the driving functional. Hence, the associated fluxes vanish.  If a gradient system is coupled to the environment via so-called ports, then steady states may have non-zero fluxes and are called Non-Equilibrium Steady States (NESS).  We consider so-called port gradient systems, where boundary conditions act as constraint which generate suitable fluxes as Lagrange multipliers. 
In general, steady states of the associated port gradient-flow equation are NESS. We provide a saddle-point characterization of NESS via a so-called BER function. We discuss a few examples of this characterization and show how it appears naturally when performing the EDP-convergence of slow-fast gradient systems, where the fast part stays in NESS connected via ports to the slow system. Prigogine's dissipation principle of 1947 states that under suitable conditions, NESS are minimizers of the dissipation. We will discuss how the saddle-point formulation provides a mathematically rigorous generalization of this principle.


For further information please contact